13. The Millennium:
Note: The word "Millennium" does not appear in the Bible, but the teaching is there. The word comes from two Latin words, mille = 1000, and annum = year.
1. WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO THE RIGHTEOUS WHEN JESUS COMES THE SECOND TIME?
1M 1 Thess. 4:16, 17. At the second advent, the righteous dead will be raised from their graves, the righteous living will join with them and all of them will meet Jesus in the air and He with take them to heaven.
2M 2 Thess. 1:7-9. The wicked who are dead, with a few exceptions (Matt. 26:64), will continue to stay in their graves. The wicked living will be destroyed by the brightness of Christ's coming (verse 8). So, when Jesus leaves the earth, there won't be any living people anywhere on the planet.
3M Jer. 4:23-27. The earth will lie in total desolation after Christ and His saints leaves.
4M Jer. 25:30-33. No survivors will be left on earth after Jesus comes. Just as it happened in the days of Noah's (Matt. 24:37), of all who refused to get into the Ark, there were no survivors. In the same way, of those who refuse to accept Jesus as their Savior—after the Second Coming there will be no survivors.
5M Rev. 19:11-21. Jesus will come as a warrior to fight against those who reject Him and seek to destroy His people. When Jesus comes to rescue His faithful people, the nations on earth will most likely see His coming as an alien invasion. These verses reveal that they will amass their military forces and prepare to fight against Jesus (the One on the white horse). They will hurl everything at Him that they have in their arsenals. But Jesus is the ultimate soldier, and destroys all His enemies.
6M Rev. 20:1-3. Satan will be bound for 1000 years. The phrase "Bottomless Pit" comes from Gr. abusos—our "abyss". Cf. Gen. 1:2, the Gr. translation renders our English word "deep" as abusos. Satan is evidently bound to this desolate earth, left in solitary confinement for the duration of his term. There will be no humans to tempt or destroy; he won't be allowed to leave the planet in order to pester the angels or people who live on other planets. The only "cellmates" he will have are the evil angels—imps—who have been his confederates during the "experiment" of sin. But they will probably not be happy campers either. There will be nothing but "gloom and doom" on Planet Earth during the 1000 years—the Millennium.
7M Rev. 20:4, 6. The righteous dwell in heaven,
taking part in the judgment:
8M Rev. 20:5. The wicked are dead during the Millennium. Remember, all the wicked who were dead when Jesus comes will stay dead, the resurrection will not touch them. And all the wicked who are still alive when Jesus comes will be destroyed by the brightness of His coming.
9M John 5:28, 29 .Both righteous and wicked will be raised. The righteous rise at the 2nd advent (1 Thess. 4:16, 17). The wicked will rise at end of the 1000-year period (cf. Rev. 20:5). When an astronomer looks at a star through his telescope, he often discovers that what appeared as a single star to the naked eye is actually 2 stars that are light-years apart—known as a double star. In the same way, looking from the time of Jesus two thousand years into the future, the two resurrections could appear as one. But by the time of the actual event, one discovers that there is actually 1000 years between them.
10M Rev. 21:2. The Holy City will descend from heaven at
the end of the Millennium.
11M Rev. 20:7-9. Satan will show that he has learned nothing during his 1000 imprisonment. He will deceive the people who have lived only for self and gather them into a numberless army—the wicked people of all ages. He will prepare them for his last-ditch stand: The capture of the holy city.
12M Rev. 20:10-13. As the vast
throng from every nation, time, and language gathers around the New Jerusalem, God will begin
what is often called the "Great White
Throne Judgment." This event will give God the time to reveal to the wicked
why they are lost, and what will be their punishment. All their lives God,
through His angels and His Holy Spirit has sought to encourage them to repent,
but they were too "busy" to listen, see, or to feel the working of God to save
them from their sins. They lived only for selfish reasons.
13M Rev. 20:14, 15. The burning fires of hell—the lake of fire—will repay them for all the evil deeds they have committed. But at last, God, who is great in mercy, will "let them off the hook," as it were, and allow them to die. This is called "the second death." As we shall learn in the Lesson 25, "Where are the Dead?", those who are dead do not know anything, so those who die the second death will know nothing as well. They will die, and never again know or do anything. They will be eternally forgotten.
14M Rev. 21:1-4 God will create a beautiful new world for the saints. God will take this disintegrated Planet and create it into a beautiful new world which will become the home of God—Father, Son, and Holy Spirit—and the Holy City will become the hub of the universe. God fought His greatest battle here; He won His greatest victory here. So Planet Earth His "pearl of great price" will become Heaven, the seat of His Universal Government—forever.
1. "The bottom [of the cloud] appeared like fire; a rainbow was over the cloud, while around it were ten thousand angels, singing a most lovely song; and upon it sat the Son of man. His hair was white and curly and lay on His shoulders; and upon His head were many crowns. His feet had the appearance of fire; in His right hand was a sharp sickle; in His left, a silver trumpet. His eyes were as a flame of fire, which searched His children through and through. Early Writings pp. 15, 16
It has occurred to me that the 3 items mentioned in this verse—loud command, voice of the archangel, and the trumpet call—could all refer to only One: Jesus. Christ is the archangel; He issues the loud command; His voice sounds like a trumpet (Rev. 1:10-13). tcp
5. Verses 11-16:
The description of the One on the white horse is virtually identical to the description of Christ in ch. 1:13-16
Rev 1:13 and among the lampstands was someone "like a son of man," dressed in a robe reaching down to his feet and with a golden sash around his chest. 14. His head and hair were white like wool, as white as snow, and his eyes were like blazing fire. 15. His feet were like bronze glowing in a furnace, and his voice was like the sound of rushing waters. 16. In his right hand he held seven stars, and out of his mouth came a sharp double-edged sword. His face was like the sun shining in all its brilliance.
Isa 63:1 Who is this coming from Edom, from Bozrah, with his garments stained crimson? Who is this, robed in splendor, striding forward in the greatness of his strength? "It is I, speaking in righteousness, mighty to save." 2. Why are your garments red, like those of one treading the winepress? 3. "I have trodden the winepress alone; from the nations no one was with me. I trampled them in my anger and trod them down in my wrath; their blood spattered my garments, and I stained all my clothing. 4. For the day of vengeance was in my heart, and the year of my redemption has come. 5. I looked, but there was no one to help, I was appalled that no one gave support; so my own arm worked salvation for me, and my own wrath sustained me. 6. I trampled the nations in my anger; in my wrath I made them drunk and poured their blood on the ground."
6. bound—"Here is to be the home of Satan with his evil angels for a thousand years. Limited to the earth, he will not have access to other worlds to tempt and annoy those who have never fallen. It is in this sense that he is bound. Great Controversy p. 659."
7. 1 Cor. 6:2, 3—Judge evil angels
This will evidently take place during the millennium.
Compare: (Rev 20:4 NIV) "I saw thrones on which were seated those who had been given authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony for Jesus and because of the word of God. They had not worshiped the beast or his image and had not received his mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ a thousand years."
These given authority to judge sit on the throne. They must be the redeemed who have been resurrected at the Second Coming of Jesus. Compare: Rev 3:21 (NIV) "To him who overcomes, I will give the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I overcame and sat down with my Father on his throne."
At this time the saints will judge (ratify the position that each unrepentant sinner has chosen for him/herself) the world and, it seems, even the evil angels (they would have no authority to judge angels who have never fallen, for these will not come into judgment). tcp
9. The wicked rise to condemnation.
Jesus didn't come to condemn people, but to condemn sin (Rom 8:1-4). In this life God condemns no one. Each person condemns him/herself by his attitude towards God. God's condemnation comes at the final judgment. tcp
Cf. Rom 8:1 Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus,
Cf. John 12:48 There is a judge for the one who rejects me and does not accept my words; that very word which I spoke will condemn him at the last day.
Cf. 1 John 3:20 whenever our hearts condemn us. For God is greater than our hearts, and he knows everything.
1 John 3:21 Dear friends, if our hearts do not condemn us, we have confidence before God 22. and receive from him anything we ask, because we obey his commands and do what pleases him.
10. Zech. 14:4, 5 appear to refer to the 3rd coming of Jesus—at the end of the 1000 years of Rev. 20:1-3. His feet touch the mountain and divide it into a great plain, and then the New Jerusalem will come down onto the plain.
It appears the the wicked dead will be raised after this event. (Cf. Rev. 20:5-9 with Rev. 21.2)
11. According to verse 5 the wicked will "not come to life until the thousand years were ended," and verse 13 "The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged according to what he had done." So the nations that Satan deceives are those who have just been resurrected.
12. Compare: Dan 7:10 A river of fire was flowing, coming out from before him. Thousands upon thousands attended him; ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him. The court was seated, and the books were opened.
"The decisive point is not how we feel about ourselves, but whether our names are found in the book of life of the Lamb! Christ told His disciples that their names were written in heaven (Luke 10:20). Paul wrote that the names of his fellow workers were 'in the book of life' (Phil 4.3). The names of all believing Christians are 'written in heaven' (Heb 12.23) and they have therefore 'citizenship . . . in heaven' (Phil 3.20). Believers in Jesus are already 'written in the Lamb's book of life (Rev 21.27)." Sabbath School Lesson Quarterly, Mar 1, 2000
13. "second death" (Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary, Vol. 7, on verse 6) "Second death. This is, the death that comes to the wicked after their resurrection at the close of the 1000 years (v. 14; ch. 21:8). The first death is the death that comes to all (1 Cor. 15:22; Heb. 9:27). All, both the righteous and the wicked, are raised from this death (John 5:28, 29). The righteous come forth from their graves immortal (1 Cor. 15:52–55). The wicked are raised to receive their punishment and to die an eternal death (Rev. 20:9; 21:8). God destroys them, both body and soul, in hell (Matt. 10:28). This means annihilation. The “second death” is the exact opposite of an endless life under torture, which some teach will be the fate of the wicked (see on Matt. 25:41)."
Paul contrasts the reward of the righteous and that of the wicked: Rom 6:23 For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
As the second life that Christ gives the righteous is eternal, correspondingly, the second death earned by the wicked would also be eternal. The second death will be like the first death in that there will be no consciousness of anything and, in this case, there will never be a resurrection so the "sleep" will never end.
14. "Human language is inadequate to
describe the reward of the righteous. It will be known only to those who behold
it. No finite mind can comprehend the glory of the Paradise of God.
Concerning conditions on the New Earth: Compare: Isa 11.6-9; Isa.65.21-25; Isa 66.22, 23.
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