14. The Trinity:
TR

In Romans 1:20 and Col. 2:9, in the King James Version, Paul refers to our divine Parent as the "Godhead." NIV and others translate it as "Deity."

        Col 2:9 (KJV) "For in [Christ] dwelleth all the
        fullness of the Godhead bodily."

Just what kind of a God does the Bible describe? Exactly Whom do we worship?

1. WHILE THE HEATHEN WORSHIPED MANY GODS, HOW MANY DO WE WORSHIP?

1TR Deut 6:4 We worship just one God. We would be called, in technical terms, monotheists. But there is ample evidence in the Bible that this One God is made up of more than just one Person.

2. WHAT IS THE FIRST EVIDENCE IN THE BIBLE THAT "GOD" MAY BE MADE UP OF MORE THAN ONE PERSON?

2TR Gen 1:1, 2 It's interesting that God appears to describe Himself as Singular in verse 1, and then the writer of Genesis seems to indicate another Individual at work here, for in verse 2 he mentions "the Spirit of God" having an active role. Are we to understand this as just another part of God Himself, or are we dealing with another Person when we speak of the "Spirit of God?"

3. HOW DOES GOD CONTINUE TO DESCRIBE HIMSELF?

3TR Gen 1:26 When Moses wrote this verse under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit (see 2 Peter 1:21), He used the plural pronouns "us" and "our." It gives the feeling that more than one Person is discussing the creation of man. Although this isn't proof that there exists more than one divine Person, it is good evidence of it. The same can be said of the "us" in Gen 3:22.

Jesus talked about His Father on a number of occasions, and spent a lot of time explaining that there is more than one Person in the deity.

4. HOW DOES JESUS FIT INTO THE GODHEAD?

4TR John 1:1-3, 10, 14 Jesus is a Member of the Godhead, and He took an intimate part in the creation of the world. We know Him best of the Members of the "Godhead" because He has made Himself known to us through His Incarnation.

    "The Word was made flesh and dwelt among us.
        . . ." vs. 14

The writer of Hebrews was in perfect agreement with the Apostle John.

  • Heb 1:1, 2 "In the past God spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he made the universe."
  • 5. WHAT VITAL FORCE DOES JESUS SHARE WITH THE FATHER?

    5TR John 5:26 The Father and the Son not only shared in the creation of this world, they also share the fountain of life, for each has life within Himself—un-borrowed, un-derived. It is a part of Their eternal heritage. God is Life, whether He be God the Father, God the Son—Jesus—or God the Holy Spirit.

    The Father

    6. WHAT IS THE ROLE OF THE FATHER IN THE GODHEAD?

    6TR Dan. 7:9, 10 God the Father is:
         
    The Ancient of Days
         
    The Creator
         
    The Ruler of the Universe
         
    The Sustainer
         
    • The Judge of all He has made.
    The entire Universe centers in Him because He made it all. Nothing exists without His continually providing all the necessities for its existence.

    7. WHAT KIND OF A PERSON IS GOD?

    7TR Ex. 34:6, 7 God is kind and gracious, just and holy. While He loves everyone that He has made with a perfect love, He also hates sin with a perfect hatred because it has brought so much misery into His world. Actually, when you begin to compare personalities, God the Father is just like Jesus, and Jesus treated people in the same kind and gentle manner that God treats them. If They would have exchanged placesif the Father had come to earth instead of the Sonthe life of the Savior would have played out much the way Jesus' life did.

    The Son

    8. WHAT IS THE ROLE OF THE SON IN THE GODHEAD?

    8TR Col. 1:13-17 Jesus was the One through Whom God created the entire Universe. In Heaven He sits on the right hand of the Father and enters into all of the divine counsels. There is nothing that has ever happened in the history of the entire Universe in which Jesus has not been involved.

    • 1 Cor. 10:1 For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers, that our forefathers were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. 2 They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea. 3 They all ate the same spiritual food 4 and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ.

    Evidently the Son acted throughout the history of mankind to lead His people. In the time before His birth in Bethlehem, He was known by the Hebrew name Yahweh (KJV = Jehovah).

    9. WHAT HAPPENED THAT SPOILED THE UNIVERSE OF GOD?

    9TR Isa. 59:2 When sin came into the Universe it brought a separation between God and all His children on Planet Earth. We experience emotional pain when friends do things that hurt us. Imagine how much pain it caused God when His children—Adam and Eve—rebelled against Him and disobeyed Him. Their sin caused a separation between God and man in such a way that it was no longer possible for humans to see God face to face, for God's glory would destroy the sinful person.

    God's perfect justice wants to destroy the sin that separates us from Him, yet if He did that, He would destroy us. But God loves us and wants to save us. And He has a plan that is doing just that—the plan of salvation that is centered in His SonJesus.

    10. WHAT SURPRISING THING DID GOD THE SON DO ON BEHALF OF HIS CHILDREN?

    10TR Phil. 2:5-8 God the Son became—made Himself —human. He had many reasons for this:
         
    It made it possible for Him to be with people
            without His glory frightening or destroying them.
         
    He was able to show us through His perfect life
             how we too can obey the laws of God.
         
    He was able to take upon Himself the sins of all
             the world.
         
    As a human being He could die for us, to save us from our sins.

    11. WHY DID JESUS DO THIS FOR US?

    11TR John 3:16 God loved His children so much that He was willing, in the Person of His Son, to come to this sin-scarred planet and to suffer the results of sin for all mankind. He died so that—if we believe in Him—we won't have to die for our own sins. God loved us that much!

    How can I describe it in human words! How can the human mind ever fathom that kind of love? It cannot. We have to accept it by faith, because there is no other way to understand it, or to accept it, or to survive this sinful world without it.
     

    The Love That Jesus Had For Me

    The love that Jesus had for me,
    However can it be,
    That He should die for me.
    All earth and heaven stand in view
    Of love so deep and true,
    He died for me and you.

    My God before you made the world
    Before you made the man,
    You felt his fatal blow;
    You loved us more than we could know,
    You came to us below,
    Your loving Name to show.

    All Heaven praises God’s own Son,
    They marvel that He’s done
    The fearful work begun;
    He bore our sins on Calvary
    To rescue you and me
    From sin’s dark agony.

    The love that Jesus had for me,
    However can it be,
    That He should die for me.

    © 1984 Thurman C. Petty, Jr.
     

    12. WHAT IS JESUS DOING FOR US NOW?

    12TR Heb. 7:25 Jesus acts as our Attorney before God, our Intercessor.

  • 1 John 2:1 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: 2 And he is the propitiation ("atoning sacrifice" NIV) for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.
  • When we pray for forgiveness from sin, Jesus presents our prayers to the Father and reminds God (I'm speaking in human terms) of His sacrifice on the cross for us. God smiles when He realizes that we trust in His Son, and He graciously forgives us.

    13. WHAT WILL GOD THE SON DO WHEN HE HAS FINISHED DESTROYING ALL TRACES OF SIN?

    13TR 1 Cor. 15:22-26 After Jesus has destroyed all traces of sin and rebellion, He will give the Kingdom, that He has won back from Satan, into the hands of God the Father.

    The Holy Spirit

    14. WHAT IS THE ROLE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT IN THE GODHEAD?

    14TR John 16:7-15 The third Member of the Godhead, the Holy Spirit, does a number of things for us:

  • a. He represents Jesus here on Earth while Jesus ministers in our behalf in heaven.
  • b. He "convicts the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment:" vs. 8
  • c. He "will guide you into all truth." vs. 13
  • d. "He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, vs. 13 [from Jesus, vs. 15]"
  • e. "He will tell you what is yet to come." vs. 13
  • f. "He will bring glory to" Jesus. vs. 14
  • God's Eternal Gift

    15. WHEN WE THINK OF ALL THAT GOD HAS DONE FOR US, HOW SHOULD WE ACT TOWARD HIM?

    15TR Rev 5:11-13 We worship God now as our Heavenly Father. But when God has delivered us from all traces of sin, there will be nothing that will ever hurt or destroy:

          No more death
         
    No more sorrow
         
    No more pain

    throughout all eternity to come. No wonder John shows us a picture of all God's creatures singing His praises.

  • Rev 22:3-5 No longer will there be any curse. The throne of God and of the Lamb will be in the city, and his servants will serve him. They will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads. There will be no more night. They will not need the light of a lamp or the light of the sun, for the Lord God will give them light. And they will reign for ever and ever.
  • Texts Indicating That
    We have a Multi-Person God

    There are a number of different types of references which deal with members of the Trinity as individuals. Some texts refer to all three Members, while others refer to at least two. I've added some other interesting texts at the end.

    ! The Plurality of God
    Gen. 1:26
    Gen. 3.22

    ! Trinity
    Isa. 42.1
    48.16
    Matt. 28:19
    Luke 1:35
    Luke 3.22
    John 14:16, 25, 26; 15.26
    Acts 2.32, 33; 7.55, 56
    Rom 8.3, 4, 11; 15:30
    1 Cor 12:4-6
    2 Cor. 1:21, 22; 13:14
    Gal 4:6
    Eph. 3:14-17
    1 Thess. 5.16-22
    2 Thess. 2:13,14
    Titus 3.4-7
    1 Pet. 1.2; 4.14
    1 John 4.2, 3
    Rev. 1.4, 5

    ! The Son (Christ; Jesus, etc) and the Father
    Matt.11.27; 16.16, 17; 17.5; 23.9, 10; 24.36; 25.31, 34; 26.39-42; 26.64;  27.46
    Mark 2.6-10; 8.38; 9.7
    Luke 5.20-24; 9.26, 35; 22.69; 23.34

    John 1.1-4, 14, 18; 3.16, 18; 5. 17-23, 26, 27, 36
    6.38, 40, 57; 8.16, 18, 19, 28, 29, 42, 54
    10.14, 15, 17, 30, 36, 38; 11.4, 41; 12.26, 27, 28
    13.1, 3; 14.1, 6. 9, 10, 13, 31; 15.1, 10, 15, 23
    16.23, 28; 17.1-26; 18.11; 20.17, 21, 22
    Acts 3.14-21
    Rom. 2.16; 3.22-24; 4.23, 24; 5.1, 8; 6.4, 11, 23
    7.25; 8.17, 31-34, 39; 10.9; 15.17
    1 Cor. 8.6; 15.57
    2 Cor. 1.3, 4; 2.14; 4.4; 5.17-19
    Gal. 1.3, 4; 4.4, 5
    Eph. 1.2, 3; 2.4, 5; 3.11, 12; 5.20
    Phil. 1.2; 2.5-11; 4.7, 19
    Col. 1.14-20; 3.17
    1 Thess. 1.1; 3.12, 13; 4.16
    2 Thess 1.1, 2; 2.16
    1 Tim. 1.1, 2; 2.5; 6.13-16
    2 Tim. 1.2
    Philemon 1.3
    Heb. 1.1-3; 1.5-10; 3. 6; 5.5; 7.24, 25; 9.24
    12.2; 13.15, 16, 20,21
    1 Pet. 1.3
    2 Pet. 1.1, 2
    1 John 2.1; 2.22, 23; 4.10; 5.11, 12
    2 John 3
    Jude 1, 24, 25
    Rev. 1.1; 14.1; 21.22, 23

    ! Son & Holy Spirit
    Matt. 12.30-32
    Luke 4.1, 14, 18-21
    John 1:32-34
    Acts 2.38
    Rom. 1.2-4
    1 Cor 6.11, 19, 20; 12.3
    Gal. 5.22-25
    1 Tim 3.16

    ! Father & Holy Spirit
    Luke 11.12, 13
    Rom. 5.5; 8.14; 15.13
    1 Cor. 2.10-12; 3.16

    ! Father Greater than Son
    John 14.28

    ! Son Greater than:
    Matt. 12.6 the Temple
    41 Jonah
    42 Solomon

    ! First and Last
    Isa. 41.4 the LORD
    Rev. 1.17 Jesus

    ! Jesus Accepted Worship
    Matt. 14.33
    John 20.28

    ! Jesus is the fullness of the deity
    Col. 2.9

    -----------------------------------------

    So we see that, throughout Scripture, the Bible teaches the doctrine of a triune God, who created the human race and loved us so much that, rather than to lose us race of rebels, He became one with us and died the death penalty that was hanging over our heads. In this way God saved us from our ghastly sin, utter hopelessness, and eternal oblivion.

    Praise God from Whom all blessings flow;
    Praise Him all people here below;
    Praise Him above ye heavenly host;
    Praise Father, Son, And Holy Ghost.

    Amen!