14. The Trinity:
In Romans 1:20 and Col. 2:9, in the King James Version, Paul refers to our divine Parent as the "Godhead." NIV and others translate it as "Deity."
• Col 2:9 (KJV) "For in [Christ] dwelleth all the
Just what kind of a God does the Bible describe? Exactly Whom do we worship?
1. WHILE THE HEATHEN WORSHIPED MANY GODS, HOW MANY DO WE WORSHIP?
1TR Deut 6:4 We worship just one God. We would be called, in technical terms, monotheists. But there is ample evidence in the Bible that this One God is made up of more than just one Person.
2. WHAT IS THE FIRST EVIDENCE IN THE BIBLE THAT "GOD" MAY BE MADE UP OF MORE THAN ONE PERSON?
2TR Gen 1:1, 2 It's interesting that God appears to describe Himself as Singular in verse 1, and then the writer of Genesis seems to indicate another Individual at work here, for in verse 2 he mentions "the Spirit of God" having an active role. Are we to understand this as just another part of God Himself, or are we dealing with another Person when we speak of the "Spirit of God?"
3. HOW DOES GOD CONTINUE TO DESCRIBE HIMSELF?
3TR Gen 1:26 When Moses wrote this verse under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit (see 2 Peter 1:21), He used the plural pronouns "us" and "our." It gives the feeling that more than one Person is discussing the creation of man. Although this isn't proof that there exists more than one divine Person, it is good evidence of it. The same can be said of the "us" in Gen 3:22.
Jesus talked about His Father on a number of occasions, and spent a lot of time explaining that there is more than one Person in the deity.
4. HOW DOES JESUS FIT INTO THE GODHEAD?
4TR John 1:1-3, 10, 14 Jesus is a Member of the Godhead, and He took an intimate part in the creation of the world. We know Him best of the Members of the "Godhead" because He has made Himself known to us through His Incarnation.
• "The Word was made flesh and dwelt among us.
The writer of Hebrews was in perfect agreement with the Apostle John.
5. WHAT VITAL FORCE DOES JESUS SHARE WITH THE FATHER?
5TR John 5:26 The Father and the Son not only shared in the creation of this world, they also share the fountain of life, for each has life within Himself—un-borrowed, un-derived. It is a part of Their eternal heritage. God is Life, whether He be God the Father, God the Son—Jesus—or God the Holy Spirit.
6. WHAT IS THE ROLE OF THE FATHER IN THE GODHEAD?
6TRDan. 7:9, 10 God the Father is:
• The Ancient of Days
• The Creator
• The Ruler of the Universe
• The Sustainer
• The Judge of all He has made.
The entire Universe centers in Him because He made it all. Nothing exists without His continually providing all the necessities for its existence.
7. WHAT KIND OF A PERSON IS GOD?
7TR Ex. 34:6, 7 God is kind and gracious, just and holy. While He loves everyone that He has made with a perfect love, He also hates sin with a perfect hatred because it has brought so much misery into His world. Actually, when you begin to compare personalities, God the Father is just like Jesus, and Jesus treated people in the same kind and gentle manner that God treats them. If They would have exchanged places—if the Father had come to earth instead of the Son—the life of the Savior would have played out much the way Jesus' life did.
8. WHAT IS THE ROLE OF THE SON IN THE GODHEAD?
8TRCol. 1:13-17 Jesus was the One through Whom God created the entire Universe. In Heaven He sits on the right hand of the Father and enters into all of the divine counsels. There is nothing that has ever happened in the history of the entire Universe in which Jesus has not been involved.
Evidently the Son acted throughout the history of mankind to lead His people. In the time before His birth in Bethlehem, He was known by the Hebrew name Yahweh (KJV = Jehovah).
9. WHAT HAPPENED THAT SPOILED THE UNIVERSE OF GOD?
9TR Isa. 59:2 When sin came into the Universe it brought a separation between God and all His children on Planet Earth. We experience emotional pain when friends do things that hurt us. Imagine how much pain it caused God when His children—Adam and Eve—rebelled against Him and disobeyed Him. Their sin caused a separation between God and man in such a way that it was no longer possible for humans to see God face to face, for God's glory would destroy the sinful person.
God's perfect justice wants to destroy the sin that separates us from Him, yet if He did that, He would destroy us. But God loves us and wants to save us. And He has a plan that is doing just that—the plan of salvation that is centered in His Son—Jesus.
10. WHAT SURPRISING THING DID GOD THE SON DO ON BEHALF OF HIS CHILDREN?
10TR Phil. 2:5-8 God the Son became—made Himself —human. He
had many reasons for this:
11. WHY DID JESUS DO THIS FOR US?
11TR John 3:16 God loved His children so much that He was willing, in the Person of His Son, to come to this sin-scarred planet and to suffer the results of sin for all mankind. He died so that—if we believe in Him—we won't have to die for our own sins. God loved us that much!
How can I describe it in human words! How can the human mind ever
fathom that kind of love? It cannot. We have to accept it by faith,
because there is no other way to understand it, or to accept it, or to
survive this sinful world without it.
The love that Jesus had for me,
My God before you made the world
All Heaven praises God’s own Son,
The love that Jesus had for me,
© 1984 Thurman C. Petty, Jr.
12. WHAT IS JESUS DOING FOR US NOW?
12TR Heb. 7:25 Jesus acts as our Attorney before God, our Intercessor.
When we pray for forgiveness from sin, Jesus presents our prayers to the Father and reminds God (I'm speaking in human terms) of His sacrifice on the cross for us. God smiles when He realizes that we trust in His Son, and He graciously forgives us.
13. WHAT WILL GOD THE SON DO WHEN HE HAS FINISHED DESTROYING ALL TRACES OF SIN?
13TR 1 Cor. 15:22-26 After Jesus has destroyed all traces of sin and rebellion, He will give the Kingdom, that He has won back from Satan, into the hands of God the Father.
The Holy Spirit
14. WHAT IS THE ROLE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT IN THE GODHEAD?
14TRJohn 16:7-15 The third Member of the Godhead, the Holy Spirit, does a number of things for us:
God's Eternal Gift
15. WHEN WE THINK OF ALL THAT GOD HAS DONE FOR US, HOW SHOULD WE ACT TOWARD HIM?
15TR Rev 5:11-13 We worship God now as our Heavenly Father. But when God has delivered us from all traces of sin, there will be nothing that will ever hurt or destroy:
• No more death
• No more sorrow
• No more pain
throughout all eternity to come. No wonder John shows us a picture of all God's creatures singing His praises.
Texts Indicating That
There are a number of different types of references which deal with members of the Trinity as individuals. Some texts refer to all three Members, while others refer to at least two. I've added some other interesting texts at the end.
!The Plurality of God
John 14:16, 25, 26; 15.26
Acts 2.32, 33; 7.55, 56
Rom 8.3, 4, 11; 15:30
1 Cor 12:4-6
2 Cor. 1:21, 22; 13:14
1 Thess. 5.16-22
2 Thess. 2:13,14
1 Pet. 1.2; 4.14
1 John 4.2, 3
Rev. 1.4, 5
!The Son (Christ; Jesus, etc) and the Father
Matt.11.27; 16.16, 17; 17.5; 23.9, 10; 24.36; 25.31, 34; 26.39-42; 26.64; 27.46
Mark 2.6-10; 8.38; 9.7
Luke 5.20-24; 9.26, 35; 22.69; 23.34
John 1.1-4, 14, 18; 3.16, 18; 5. 17-23, 26, 27, 36
!Son & Holy Spirit
Luke 4.1, 14, 18-21
1 Cor 6.11, 19, 20; 12.3
1 Tim 3.16
!Father & Holy Spirit
Luke 11.12, 13
Rom. 5.5; 8.14; 15.13
1 Cor. 2.10-12; 3.16
!Father Greater than Son
!Son Greater than:
Matt. 12.6 the Temple
!First and Last
Isa. 41.4 the LORD
Rev. 1.17 Jesus
!Jesus Accepted Worship
!Jesus is the fullness of the deity
So we see that, throughout Scripture, the Bible teaches the doctrine of a triune God, who created the human race and loved us so much that, rather than to lose us race of rebels, He became one with us and died the death penalty that was hanging over our heads. In this way God saved us from our ghastly sin, utter hopelessness, and eternal oblivion.
Praise God from Whom all blessings flow;