16. Jesus Is the Messiah
JM

1. HOW DID ISAIAH DESCRIBE MESSIAH?

1JM Isa. 9:6 The human child will be the mighty God. This is a contradiction in human logic, but, as Jesus said, ". . . with God, all things are possible. . ." (Matthew 19:26)"  So the fact that this human child would be God all makes (some) sense when we realize that nothing is to hard for the Lord (cf. Genesis 18:14).

 

2. WHAT MIRACLE WOULD MARK HIS BIRTH?

2JM Isa. 7:14 Born of a virgin. (The Hebrew word used for virgin could also refer to any young woman. However, Matt. 1:23, quotes from the Greek translation of the Old Testament which applies it specifically to a virgin.)

3. WHERE WOULD MESSIAH BE BORN?

3JM Micah 5:2 He would be born in Bethlehem.

      • Matt. 2:4-6 reveals that the Jewish leaders of the time believed
         that Messiah would come from Bethlehem.

4. HOW DOES MATTHEW SHOW THAT JESUS OF NAZARETH FULFILLED THESE OLD TESTAMENT PREDICTIONS?

4JM Matt. 1:18-2:1 Matthew, in relating the historical birth of Jesus, quotes from several Old Testament predictions that were applied by the Jews to the coming of the Messiah.

5. ACCORDING TO ISAIAH, WHAT ARE SOME OF THE GREAT THINGS MESSIAH WOULD DO?

5JM Isa. 42:6, 7 Messiah was going to be a light to the Gentiles; He would open the eyes of the blind; He would raise the dead to life again.

6. IN SPITE OF HIS GREATNESS, WHAT WOULD ONE OF HIS CLOSE FRIENDS DO?

6JM Ps. 41:9 A close friend would betray Him.

7. HOW MUCH WOULD THE TRAITOR RECEIVE FOR BETRAYING JESUS, AND WHAT WOULD HE, AT LAST, DO WITH THE MONEY?JM
 

7JM Zech. 11:12, 13 His price would be 30 pieces of silver; these would be thrown to the potter in the House of the Lord. [cf. Matt. 26:14-16; 27:3-8]

8. WHAT HORRIBLE THINGS WOULD HAPPEN TO MESSIAH?

8JM Ps. 22:16-18 God's enemies would pierce His hands and feet; but they would not break His bones. While He was dying his enemies would divide His garments by lot. (compare these texts)
      • John 19:31-34 Now it was the day of Preparation, and the
        next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jews did
        not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath,
        they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken
        down. The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the
        first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those
        of the other. But when they came to Jesus and found that he
        was already dead, they did not break his legs. Instead, one of
        the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a
        sudden flow of blood and water.
      • John 20:25 So the other disciples told him, "We have seen the
        Lord!" But he said to them, "Unless I see the nail marks in his
        hands and put my finger where the nails were, and put my
        hand into his side, I will not believe it."
      • Mat 27:35 When they had crucified him, they divided up his
        clothes by casting lots.

9. WHAT AFFECT WOULD THE GRAVE HAVE ON MESSIAH'S BODY?

9JM Ps. 16:10 The Messiah would not decay in the grave.
      • Mark 16:6 "Don't be alarmed," he said. "You are looking for
        Jesus the Nazarene, who was crucified. He has risen! He is not
        here. See the place where they laid him.

10. WHEN WAS MESSIAH SUPPOSED TO APPEAR?

10JM Dan. 9:24-27 Daniel foretold the exact time when Messiah would appear (see Chart A). [cf. Luke 3:1, 21 see Chart B]

11. DID JESUS EVEN CLAIM TO BE THE MESSIAH?

11JM John 4:25, 26 Yes. At Jacob's well in Sychar Jesus overtly claimed to be the Messiah. He did not claim to be the Messiah to anyone in Judea (other than His disciples). But in Samaria, to the people of whom the Jews bore so much hatred, Jesus revealed Himself to be the Messiah.

12. WHAT DID JESUS SAY HE WANTED TO GIVE US?

12JM Matt. 11:28-30 He came to give us rest, and to invite us to carry His yoke of service.
      • Mat 1:21 She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him
        the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their
        sins."

 

THE MESSIAH OF PROPHECY
Prophecy—Fulfillment

Isa. 9:6—The child is God Matt. 1:23
Isa. 7:14—Born of virgin Luke 1:27-35
Micah 5:2—Born in Bethlehem Matt. 2:1
Jer 23.5; Ps. 132:11—David's descendant Luke 3:31
Isa. 9:1, 2—Work in Galilee Matt. 4:13-16
Isa. 42:7—Open blind eyes John 9:1-7
Isa.8:13, 14—Rejected by Jews Matt. 13:57
Isa. 53:3—Hide their faces from Him
     :5, 6—All our sin laid upon Him 1 Pet 2:24
     :7—Wouldn't defend Himself Matt. 26:63; 27:14:8, 9—Buried
      w/sinners & the rich,  Matt. 27:57-60
     :10, 11—Live again; see His offspring

                         Results of His work
• Zech. 9:9—Enter Jerusalem on a donkey Matt. 21:1-ll
• Ps. 41:9—Betrayed by a friend Matt. 26:14-16
• Zech. 11:12, 13—Sold for 30 pieces of silver; silver cast to the potter in house of the Lord Matt. 26:15 Matt. 27:5-8
• Isa. 50:6—He would be scourged and spit upon Matt. 26:67, 68 27:26
• Zech. 12:10—Crucified John 19:16-18, 37
• Ps. 22:16-18—Hands and feet pierced; no bones broken; lots cast for garments Matt. 27:35; John 20:25; 19:34
• Amos 8:9—Sun darken at noon Matt. 27:45
• Ps. 16:10—Not decay in grave Matt. 28:6
• Dan. 9:24-27—Arrive in 27 AD and be cut off 3 1/2 years later
• [see Charts A and B] Luke 3:1, 21

WHAT JESUS SAID ABOUT HIMSELF
(in the Gospel of John)

                   • Equality with God  John 5:17, 18; 10:30-33; 14:8, 9
                   • Had power over death  John 5:26;
                   • Source of all life  John 11:25, 26
                   • Moses and prophets had written about Him John 5:39, 46
                   • Lived before Abraham  John 8:56-58
                   • Claimed title "I AM"; Lived before creation of world  John 17:5
                   • Was sinless  John 8:46; 14:30
                   • Claimed to be Messiah 4:25, 26

What are the odds?

"Dr. Peter Stoner, former chairman of the departments of mathematics, astronomy, and engineering at Pasadena College (California), worked with 600 students for several years applying the 'principle of probability' to the prophecies of the Messiah's coming. They chose just eight from the many available and finally decided the chances of all eight being fulfilled in one man in a lifetime is one in 10 x1031 (10 with 31 zeros). What would the odds be on the more than 125 prophecies of the Messiah? It couldn't just happen [by chance]!" Amazing Facts Lesson 1

Chart A
Daniel's Prophetic Chronology
Daniel 9:24-27
70 Weeks (490 years) of Daniel 9:24


            |7 weeks(49 yrs)|62 weeks(484 yrs)|1 week(7 yrs)|
            |               |                 |             |
            |               |                 |     _|_     |
            |               |                 |      |      |
           457 BC         408 BC            27 AD    |    34 AD
                                                   31 AD
                                                     

 

Chart B
Luke's Chronology (Luke 3:1, 2)
Pointing out that Jesus Began Preaching in 27 AD

                             |  1| 2| 3| 4| 5| 6| 7| 8| 9|10|11|12|13|14|15
             13|14|15|16|17|18|19|20|21|22|23|24|25|26|27|28
                                                        ||
                                                    Jesus Began Preaching Here >>>||

The top line is the Jewish calendar used by Luke to number the years of Tiberius Caesar’s reign. The bottom line is the Roman calendar, AD dates, which we use today. This calendar when compared with Daniel’s Prophetic Chronology gives credence to the Christian belief that Jesus fulfilled the time-test for the appearance of Messiah.