34. Christ Our High
1. WHAT DOES DANIEL SAY WOULD BE CLEANSED AFTER THE 2300 YEARS?
1HP Dan. 8:14 Before we can understand the cleansing of the sanctuary at the end of the 2300 days (in 1844), we must know to which sanctuary this prophecy refers.
2.WHAT FURNITURE WAS IN THE
2HP Heb. 9:1-5 By God's direction, Moses erected a tabernacle (tent) in the desert which was later merged into the temple at Jerusalem. Its service continued from the giving of the law on Mt. Sinai to the crucifixion of Jesus (with the exception of the 70-year captivity of the Jews in Babylon). When Jesus died on the cross, the veil in this temple was torn [cf. Matt. 27:50, 51], showing that the service of God in that building had come to an end. The temple was destroyed by the Romans in A.D. 70.
3. WHO SET UP THE TABERNACLE IN HEAVEN?
3HP Heb. 8:1, 2 Since His death, Christ ministers for us as our great High Priest in a heavenly sanctuary from which Moses designed the Tabernacle in the wilderness. At the ascending of Christ the heavenly sanctuary took the place of the one built by men. The sanctuary that was to have been cleansed in 1844, then, must be the one in heaven where Jesus ministers for us today.
4. HOW DO WE KNOW WHAT THE HEAVENLY SANCTUARY LOOKS LIKE?
4HP Heb. 9:23 The earthly sanctuary built by Moses was a pattern, or copy—a type—of the heavenly sanctuary. As the earthly sanctuary had two apartments, so the one in heaven also has a holy place and a most holy place.
5. WHAT POSITION DOES CHRIST SERVE IN THE HEAVENLY SANCTUARY?
5HP Heb. 8:3, 4 The service of the priests in the earthly sanctuary were a type of Christ's ministry in heaven. The book of Leviticus portrays two parts to the earthly sanctuary service: a daily service involving the first room [Heb. 9:6], and an annual service in the second room [Heb. 9:7]. The annual service took place on the 10th day of the seventh month during the religious year. At this time the sanctuary was cleansed of all the sins that the people had confessed during the preceding year. cf. Lev. 16:6-22. [See lesson 32—"The Day of Atonement"]
6.HOW MANY TIMES DID JESUS OFFER THE SACRIFICE OF HIMSELF?
6HP Heb. 7:26, 27 In the earthly sanctuary there were sacrifices of animals every day. But Jesus, our great High Priest, offered Himself on the cross—once for all. His sacrifice is sufficient to cleanse the sins of all mankind.
7.WHEN DID JESUS OFFER HIMSELF BEFORE GOD?
7HP Heb. 9:24 After Jesus offered Himself as our Sacrifice, He ascended to the first apartment of the heavenly sanctuary, to apply His own shed blood to those who accept Him as their Savior.
8. WHAT IS JESUS' WORK IN THE HEAVENLY SANCTUARY?
8HP Heb. 7:25 Jesus acts as our intercessor. When we confess our sins, Jesus takes our request to the Father. Since Jesus is the Son who died to save us from sin, the Father grants His request. Jesus takes the place of the ancient high priest, but He was also the sacrifice. He died for our sins, and when He intercedes for us He applies His spotless character—His righteousness—to us, and we are accepted before God as though we had never sinned. We can always count on Jesus to do this work because He never dies. cf. 1 John 2:1. When we accept Him as our Savior, Jesus secures our forgiveness, salvation and eternal life.
NOTE: Jesus served as our High Priest in the first room of the heavenly sanctuary until the end of the 2300 days/years in 1844. Then, according to Daniel 8:14, the time came for the cleansing of the sanctuary.
In ancient times the high priest cleansed the sanctuary once a year on the Day of Atonement [lesson 32] This day was also a day of judgment. cf. Lev. 23:29, 30. On this day the high priest closed the yearly round of service by a special ceremony in the most holy place.
In the same way, Jesus, in the heavenly sanctuary must have passed into the second room in 1844 in order to perform the closing ceremony of His priestly work. And this also includes a day of judgment.
9. WHAT WILL HAPPEN WHEN JESUS FINISHES HIS WORK IN THE HEAVENLY SANCTUARY?
9HP Heb. 9:28 When Jesus finishes His work as our High Priest in the second room of the heavenly sanctuary, the close of human probation will occur.
10. WHAT IS THE CLOSE OF HUMAN PROBATION.
10HP Rev 22:11, 12 There will come a time when everyone has have chosen Jesus (to live righteous lives for eternity) or Satan (people who insist on doing things their own way; people who teach or believe false doctrine; evil people; murderers, etc.). So there will be no more need of Jesus’ acting as a Mediator. There will be no more prayers asking for forgiveness, for everyone has made their choice. Either they will have asked forgiveness for all their sins and are covered by the robe of Christ’s righteousness, or they do not desire to ask forgiveness because they feel no need to do so. For this reason, Jesus will have finished His work, and leaves the temple in preparation for His second coming: "Behold I come quickly . . ."
11. WHEN WILL THE CLOSE OF PROBATION TAKE PLACE?
11HP Rev 8:3-5 When the prayers of the saints cease to come into the temple from those who live on earth (the smoke of the censer represents the prayers of God’s people,) the angel (here representing Christ), throws the censor to the earth. There will be no more prayers for forgiveness, no more conversions: Probation has closed. When this time comes, there will be earthquakes, thunder, and lightening (as described during the 7th plague). So the close of probation comes before the 7 plagues fall (Rev. 16)—which is shortly before the second coming. You’ll notice that there will still be people on the earth when probation closes, for John the Revelator said, "He that is filthy, let him be filthy still. But the saved are saved and the lost are lost.
Soon after probation closes, the seven last plagues begin to fall. This will take place in a short period of time. After the plagues have done their work, Jesus will appear at His second coming to reward all those who have been faithful to Him, and to execute judgment upon all who have refused to accept Him as their Savior.
12. HOW SHOULD WE RELATE TO JESUS AS OUR HIGH PRIEST?
12HP Isa. 43:25 We need to make sure that all our sins are confessed to God so that He can blot them out of His book. When Jesus finishes His High Priestly ministry and all our sins have been blotted out of God’s book, then Jesus’ High Priestly ministry will have come to a close. He can lay aside His priestly garments and put on His kingly garments and come for us at the Second Advent.
13. WHAT SHOULD BE OUR ATTITUDE AS WE RELATE TO JESUS OUR HIGH PRIEST WHILE WE APPROACH THE CLOSE OF PROBATION?
13HP Matt. 24:42, 44 As we approach the close of probation and the coming of Christ soon to follow, Jesus tells us that we must be ready at all times for His coming.
"Thanks be to God who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ." 1 Cor. 15:57